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This class processes one step within the whole time sequence input, whereas layer_simple_rnn() processes the whole sequence.

Usage

rnn_cell_simple(
  units,
  activation = "tanh",
  use_bias = TRUE,
  kernel_initializer = "glorot_uniform",
  recurrent_initializer = "orthogonal",
  bias_initializer = "zeros",
  kernel_regularizer = NULL,
  recurrent_regularizer = NULL,
  bias_regularizer = NULL,
  kernel_constraint = NULL,
  recurrent_constraint = NULL,
  bias_constraint = NULL,
  dropout = 0,
  recurrent_dropout = 0,
  seed = NULL,
  ...
)

Arguments

units

Positive integer, dimensionality of the output space.

activation

Activation function to use. Default: hyperbolic tangent (tanh). If you pass NULL, no activation is applied (ie. "linear" activation: a(x) = x).

use_bias

Boolean, (default TRUE), whether the layer should use a bias vector.

kernel_initializer

Initializer for the kernel weights matrix, used for the linear transformation of the inputs. Default: "glorot_uniform".

recurrent_initializer

Initializer for the recurrent_kernel weights matrix, used for the linear transformation of the recurrent state. Default: "orthogonal".

bias_initializer

Initializer for the bias vector. Default: "zeros".

kernel_regularizer

Regularizer function applied to the kernel weights matrix. Default: NULL.

recurrent_regularizer

Regularizer function applied to the recurrent_kernel weights matrix. Default: NULL.

bias_regularizer

Regularizer function applied to the bias vector. Default: NULL.

kernel_constraint

Constraint function applied to the kernel weights matrix. Default: NULL.

recurrent_constraint

Constraint function applied to the recurrent_kernel weights matrix. Default: NULL.

bias_constraint

Constraint function applied to the bias vector. Default: NULL.

dropout

Float between 0 and 1. Fraction of the units to drop for the linear transformation of the inputs. Default: 0.

recurrent_dropout

Float between 0 and 1. Fraction of the units to drop for the linear transformation of the recurrent state. Default: 0.

seed

Random seed for dropout.

...

For forward/backward compatability.

Value

A Layer instance, which is intended to be used with layer_rnn().

Call Arguments

  • sequence: A 2D tensor, with shape (batch, features).

  • states: A 2D tensor with shape (batch, units), which is the state from the previous time step.

  • training: Python boolean indicating whether the layer should behave in training mode or in inference mode. Only relevant when dropout or recurrent_dropout is used.

Examples

inputs <- random_uniform(c(32, 10, 8))
rnn <- layer_rnn(cell = rnn_cell_simple(units = 4))
output <- rnn(inputs)  # The output has shape `(32, 4)`.
rnn <- layer_rnn(
    cell = rnn_cell_simple(units = 4),
    return_sequences=TRUE,
    return_state=TRUE
)
# whole_sequence_output has shape `(32, 10, 4)`.
# final_state has shape `(32, 4)`.
c(whole_sequence_output, final_state) %<-% rnn(inputs)

See also

Other rnn cells:
layer_rnn()
rnn_cell_gru()
rnn_cell_lstm()

Other simple rnn layers:
layer_simple_rnn()

Other rnn layers:
layer_bidirectional()
layer_conv_lstm_1d()
layer_conv_lstm_2d()
layer_conv_lstm_3d()
layer_gru()
layer_lstm()
layer_rnn()
layer_simple_rnn()
layer_time_distributed()
rnn_cell_gru()
rnn_cell_lstm()
rnn_cells_stack()

Other layers:
Layer()
layer_activation()
layer_activation_elu()
layer_activation_leaky_relu()
layer_activation_parametric_relu()
layer_activation_relu()
layer_activation_softmax()
layer_activity_regularization()
layer_add()
layer_additive_attention()
layer_alpha_dropout()
layer_attention()
layer_average()
layer_average_pooling_1d()
layer_average_pooling_2d()
layer_average_pooling_3d()
layer_batch_normalization()
layer_bidirectional()
layer_category_encoding()
layer_center_crop()
layer_concatenate()
layer_conv_1d()
layer_conv_1d_transpose()
layer_conv_2d()
layer_conv_2d_transpose()
layer_conv_3d()
layer_conv_3d_transpose()
layer_conv_lstm_1d()
layer_conv_lstm_2d()
layer_conv_lstm_3d()
layer_cropping_1d()
layer_cropping_2d()
layer_cropping_3d()
layer_dense()
layer_depthwise_conv_1d()
layer_depthwise_conv_2d()
layer_discretization()
layer_dot()
layer_dropout()
layer_einsum_dense()
layer_embedding()
layer_feature_space()
layer_flatten()
layer_gaussian_dropout()
layer_gaussian_noise()
layer_global_average_pooling_1d()
layer_global_average_pooling_2d()
layer_global_average_pooling_3d()
layer_global_max_pooling_1d()
layer_global_max_pooling_2d()
layer_global_max_pooling_3d()
layer_group_normalization()
layer_group_query_attention()
layer_gru()
layer_hashed_crossing()
layer_hashing()
layer_identity()
layer_integer_lookup()
layer_lambda()
layer_layer_normalization()
layer_lstm()
layer_masking()
layer_max_pooling_1d()
layer_max_pooling_2d()
layer_max_pooling_3d()
layer_maximum()
layer_minimum()
layer_multi_head_attention()
layer_multiply()
layer_normalization()
layer_permute()
layer_random_brightness()
layer_random_contrast()
layer_random_crop()
layer_random_flip()
layer_random_rotation()
layer_random_translation()
layer_random_zoom()
layer_repeat_vector()
layer_rescaling()
layer_reshape()
layer_resizing()
layer_rnn()
layer_separable_conv_1d()
layer_separable_conv_2d()
layer_simple_rnn()
layer_spatial_dropout_1d()
layer_spatial_dropout_2d()
layer_spatial_dropout_3d()
layer_spectral_normalization()
layer_string_lookup()
layer_subtract()
layer_text_vectorization()
layer_tfsm()
layer_time_distributed()
layer_torch_module_wrapper()
layer_unit_normalization()
layer_upsampling_1d()
layer_upsampling_2d()
layer_upsampling_3d()
layer_zero_padding_1d()
layer_zero_padding_2d()
layer_zero_padding_3d()
rnn_cell_gru()
rnn_cell_lstm()
rnn_cells_stack()