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Inputs are a list with 2 or 3 elements:

  1. A query tensor of shape (batch_size, Tq, dim).

  2. A value tensor of shape (batch_size, Tv, dim).

  3. A optional key tensor of shape (batch_size, Tv, dim). If none supplied, value will be used as key.

The calculation follows the steps:

  1. Calculate attention scores using query and key with shape (batch_size, Tq, Tv) as a non-linear sum scores = reduce_sum(tanh(query + key), axis=-1).

  2. Use scores to calculate a softmax distribution with shape (batch_size, Tq, Tv).

  3. Use the softmax distribution to create a linear combination of value with shape (batch_size, Tq, dim).

Usage

layer_additive_attention(object, use_scale = TRUE, dropout = 0, ...)

Arguments

object

Object to compose the layer with. A tensor, array, or sequential model.

use_scale

If TRUE, will create a scalar variable to scale the attention scores.

dropout

Float between 0 and 1. Fraction of the units to drop for the attention scores. Defaults to 0.0.

...

For forward/backward compatability.

Value

The return value depends on the value provided for the first argument. If object is:

  • a keras_model_sequential(), then the layer is added to the sequential model (which is modified in place). To enable piping, the sequential model is also returned, invisibly.

  • a keras_input(), then the output tensor from calling layer(input) is returned.

  • NULL or missing, then a Layer instance is returned.

Call Arguments

  • inputs: List of the following tensors:

    • query: Query tensor of shape (batch_size, Tq, dim).

    • value: Value tensor of shape (batch_size, Tv, dim).

    • key: Optional key tensor of shape (batch_size, Tv, dim). If not given, will use value for both key and value, which is the most common case.

  • mask: List of the following tensors:

    • query_mask: A boolean mask tensor of shape (batch_size, Tq). If given, the output will be zero at the positions where mask==FALSE.

    • value_mask: A boolean mask tensor of shape (batch_size, Tv). If given, will apply the mask such that values at positions where mask==FALSE do not contribute to the result.

  • return_attention_scores: bool, it TRUE, returns the attention scores (after masking and softmax) as an additional output argument.

  • training: Python boolean indicating whether the layer should behave in training mode (adding dropout) or in inference mode (no dropout).

  • use_causal_mask: Boolean. Set to TRUE for decoder self-attention. Adds a mask such that position i cannot attend to positions j > i. This prevents the flow of information from the future towards the past. Defaults to FALSE.

Output

Attention outputs of shape (batch_size, Tq, dim). (Optional) Attention scores after masking and softmax with shape (batch_size, Tq, Tv).

See also

Other attention layers:
layer_attention()
layer_group_query_attention()
layer_multi_head_attention()

Other layers:
Layer()
layer_activation()
layer_activation_elu()
layer_activation_leaky_relu()
layer_activation_parametric_relu()
layer_activation_relu()
layer_activation_softmax()
layer_activity_regularization()
layer_add()
layer_alpha_dropout()
layer_attention()
layer_average()
layer_average_pooling_1d()
layer_average_pooling_2d()
layer_average_pooling_3d()
layer_batch_normalization()
layer_bidirectional()
layer_category_encoding()
layer_center_crop()
layer_concatenate()
layer_conv_1d()
layer_conv_1d_transpose()
layer_conv_2d()
layer_conv_2d_transpose()
layer_conv_3d()
layer_conv_3d_transpose()
layer_conv_lstm_1d()
layer_conv_lstm_2d()
layer_conv_lstm_3d()
layer_cropping_1d()
layer_cropping_2d()
layer_cropping_3d()
layer_dense()
layer_depthwise_conv_1d()
layer_depthwise_conv_2d()
layer_discretization()
layer_dot()
layer_dropout()
layer_einsum_dense()
layer_embedding()
layer_feature_space()
layer_flatten()
layer_gaussian_dropout()
layer_gaussian_noise()
layer_global_average_pooling_1d()
layer_global_average_pooling_2d()
layer_global_average_pooling_3d()
layer_global_max_pooling_1d()
layer_global_max_pooling_2d()
layer_global_max_pooling_3d()
layer_group_normalization()
layer_group_query_attention()
layer_gru()
layer_hashed_crossing()
layer_hashing()
layer_identity()
layer_integer_lookup()
layer_lambda()
layer_layer_normalization()
layer_lstm()
layer_masking()
layer_max_pooling_1d()
layer_max_pooling_2d()
layer_max_pooling_3d()
layer_maximum()
layer_minimum()
layer_multi_head_attention()
layer_multiply()
layer_normalization()
layer_permute()
layer_random_brightness()
layer_random_contrast()
layer_random_crop()
layer_random_flip()
layer_random_rotation()
layer_random_translation()
layer_random_zoom()
layer_repeat_vector()
layer_rescaling()
layer_reshape()
layer_resizing()
layer_rnn()
layer_separable_conv_1d()
layer_separable_conv_2d()
layer_simple_rnn()
layer_spatial_dropout_1d()
layer_spatial_dropout_2d()
layer_spatial_dropout_3d()
layer_spectral_normalization()
layer_string_lookup()
layer_subtract()
layer_text_vectorization()
layer_tfsm()
layer_time_distributed()
layer_torch_module_wrapper()
layer_unit_normalization()
layer_upsampling_1d()
layer_upsampling_2d()
layer_upsampling_3d()
layer_zero_padding_1d()
layer_zero_padding_2d()
layer_zero_padding_3d()
rnn_cell_gru()
rnn_cell_lstm()
rnn_cell_simple()
rnn_cells_stack()