Skip to contents

This functions returns the loss value and metrics values for the model in test mode. Computation is done in batches (see the batch_size arg.)


# S3 method for keras.src.models.model.Model
  x = NULL,
  y = NULL,
  batch_size = NULL,
  verbose = getOption("keras.verbose", default = "auto"),
  sample_weight = NULL,
  steps = NULL,
  callbacks = NULL



Keras model object


Input data. It could be:

  • An R array (or array-like), or a list of arrays (in case the model has multiple inputs).

  • A tensor, or a list of tensors (in case the model has multiple inputs).

  • A named list mapping input names to the corresponding array/tensors, if the model has named inputs.

  • A Should return a tuple of either (inputs, targets) or (inputs, targets, sample_weights).

  • A generator returning (inputs, targets) or (inputs, targets, sample_weights).


Target data. Like the input data x, it could be either R array(s) or backend-native tensor(s). If x is a or generator function, y should not be specified (since targets will be obtained from the iterator/dataset).


For forward/backward compatability.


Integer or NULL. Number of samples per batch of computation. If unspecified, batch_size will default to 32. Do not specify the batch_size if your data is in the form of a a tf dataset or generator (since they generate batches).


"auto", 0, 1, or 2. Verbosity mode. 0 = silent, 1 = progress bar, 2 = single line. "auto" becomes 1 for most cases, 2 if in a knitr render or running on a distributed training server. Note that the progress bar is not particularly useful when logged to a file, so verbose=2 is recommended when not running interactively (e.g. in a production environment). Defaults to "auto".


Optional array of weights for the test samples, used for weighting the loss function. You can either pass a flat (1D) R array with the same length as the input samples (1:1 mapping between weights and samples), or in the case of temporal data, you can pass a 2D array with shape (samples, sequence_length), to apply a different weight to every timestep of every sample. This argument is not supported when x is a tfdataset, instead pass sample weights as the third element of x.


Integer or NULL. Total number of steps (batches of samples) before declaring the evaluation round finished. Ignored with the default value of NULL. If x is a and steps is NULL, evaluation will run until the dataset is exhausted.


List of Callback instances. List of callbacks to apply during evaluation.


Scalar test loss (if the model has a single output and no metrics) or list of scalars (if the model has multiple outputs and/or metrics). The attribute model$metrics_names will give you the display labels for the scalar outputs.